India is a country that gives exceptional importance to higher education. The education system in
India has evolved from ancient times to modern times and is well-built with all the necessary
systems and infrastructures.
India boasts of ancient universities in the world and students and scholars from various parts of
the world used to come to these universities. The ancient universities such as Takshashila and
Nalanda have contributed greatly to make our country the centre of learning in those days.
Taking inspiration from our ancient heritage, the system of education in India has fully
established today, and it is controlled by a UGC (University Grants Commission) now. UGC
regulates the function of educational universities in India.
Most of us know about UGC, its powers and functions, but there are huge numbers of people
ignorant about it. Hence, this article attempts to describe UGC and its powers and functions.
The Beginning of UGC
The full form of UGC is the University Grants Commission. It was established as per the UGC
act of 1956. It is the statutory body of the Government of India. It was established to coordinate,
determine and maintain the standards of university education in our nation.
The main aim of forming UGC was to supervise the quality of education, infrastructure and
quality and qualification of professors in the Universities across India. The main function of
UGC is to set guidelines for universities across in India to function as per certain standards.
Universities that do not suffice the guidelines of UGC are termed as fake universities in India. It
regularly checks whether all its directions and rules are followed in all the universities under the
system. The fast track degree you earn should be from a UGC accepted University, otherwise, it
will be considered invalid.
To attain a job under state and the national government, you need a Single sitting degree from a
University that accepts the dominance of UGC. Jobs in private and multi-national companies
also need a one sitting degree from UGC accepted universities. If you seek jobs in the foreign job
market, the minimum qualification is a degree from the UGC accepted university in India. In
short, UGC is the central pillar of Higher Education in our country.
UGC is the coordinating agent between universities, government and the community.
Universities in our country require adhering to rules and regulations framed by the UGC to get
the status of UGC accepted universities in India. Several universities in India do not fall under
the UGC accepted universities, and they are considered as fake universities. Hence, before you
enrol your name for a fast track degree, you need to verify the UGC approval of the university
you plan to study. UGC also provides grants for universities. There is a list of fake universities in
India released by UGC.
UGC accepts four types of universities and they are as follows:
1) Central Universities: Central universities are controlled by the central government
directly. These universities are established by the act of parliament. A single sitting
degree from any one of these universities is approved by the UGC and is valid for
government and private jobs. As per the UGC release, there are fifty central universities
in India, and some of them are the following:
I. University of Delhi
II. North-Eastern Hill University
III. Manipur University
IV. University of Allahabad
V. Rajiv Gandhi University
VI. Jawaharlal Nehru University
VII. University of Hyderabad
VIII. Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
IX. Central University of Karnataka
X. Central University of Kerala
2) State Universities: State universities are run and funded by the state government as per
UGC norms. These universities follow the rules and regulations of UGC. Fast track
degrees of state universities are valid for government, private and jobs abroad. Following
are some of the examples of UGC accepted state universities in our country.
I. Bangalore University
II. National Law University, Delhi
III. University of Jammu
IV. Mangalore University
V. University of Calicut
VI. Jiwaji University
VII. University of Mumbai
VIII. Utkal University
IX. Annamalai University
X. Madurai Kamaraj University
3) Deemed-to-be-University or Deemed University: These universities have self-governing
power and are constituted under section 3 of the UGC act, 1956. One Sitting Degrees of
these universities are valid and are suitable to attain the job of your preference. The
following are some of the Deemed Universities in India.
I. Indian Law Institute, Delhi
II. Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore
III. Dr D.Y. Pateel Vidyapeeth, Pune
IV. Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai
V. Satyam Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
VI. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram
VII. SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kanchipuram
VIII. Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
IX. International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
X. Forest Research Institute, Dehradun
4) Private Universities: These are University Grants Commission accepted universities.
These universities can award single sitting degrees but are not allowed to hold colleges in
distant locations. The owner of private universities is state governments. They are funded
and governed by the state government. Degrees earned from private universities are valid,
and the degree holders can apply to attain jobs in government and private sectors.
Following are some of the private universities in our country.
I. Dr CV Raman University, Kota
II. Azim Premji University, Bangalore
III. Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad
IV. YBN University, Ranchi
V. Srinivas University, Mangalore
VI. Oriental University, Indore
VII. FLAME University, Pune
VIII. Xavier University, Bhubaneswar
IX. Geetanjali University, Udaipur
X. University of Patanjali, Haridwar
University Grants Commission promotes and organizes university education in India. It is an
authorized body to frame rules and regulations to regulate universities in our country. It brings
out updates to ensure quality education through all types of universities in India. The UGC
continuously monitors university education. It provides funds for universities. All the fast track
courses of UGC accepted universities are valid in India and abroad. Hence, enrol your name for a
quick degree from any one of these universities and secure your future. Contact us today, we can
guide you in one sitting admissions from a UGC accepted universities. We provide free
counselling on single sitting degree programs of various universities across India.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Q: What are the functions of UGC?
ANS:The mandate of the UGC is to take all steps as it may think fit for the promotion and co- ordination of University education and for the determination and maintenance of standards of teaching, examination and research in Universities
Q: How many types of Degree granting Institutions are there in India? Which type of Institution(s) can award degrees?
ANS: The following are various types of degree granting Institutions in India:-
Central Universities – These Universities are established by the Act of Parliament and are funded by the Central Government.
Institutions of National Importance – These Institutions are established/declared by the Act of Parliament (IITs, NITs, IIMs, IISERs, etc.)
State Universities – These Universities are established by the Act of the State Legislature concerned and are funded by the State Government.
Private Universities – These Universities are established by the Act of the State Legislature concerned and are self-financing Institutions.
Institutions Deemed to be Universities – These Institutions are declared by the Notification of the Government of India, on the advice of UGC, under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956.
Q: What is the difference between a University and a Deemed to be University?
ANS: Both are degree granting Institutions. The criteria and procedure of their establishment is different. Universities are established by Central/State Act under Section 2(f) of the UGC Act, 1956 whereas an Institution Deemed to be University is declared by a Notification of the Central Government, on the advice of UGC, under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956.
Q: What are the criteria/norms for establishment of State Private University?
ANS: The criteria/norms to establish a State Private University is as decided by the concerned State Government. The Higher Education Department of the concerned State can be contacted in this regard.
Q: What are the criteria/norms/eligibility for declaration/establishment of an Institution Deemed to be University?
ANS: Institution Deemed to be Universities are declared by the notification of the Central Government, on the advice of UGC, under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956. The criteria/ norms/eligibility criteria for declaration of these Institutions is as stipulated in the UGC
Q: How can a University be included in the UGC list of Universities under Section 2(f) of the UGC Act, 1956?
ANS: UGC is maintaining list of Universities on its website. Name of a University is included in this list after receipt of the University Act as passed by the Parliament/State Legislature.
Q: What does inclusion of a University/College under Section 12 B of the UGC Act, 1956 mean?
ANS:UGC provides financial assistance to only those Universities/Colleges which are included in the list maintained by the UGC under Section 12 B of the UGC Act, 1956.
Q: How can a College/University be included in the list of Universities under Section 12 B of the UGC Act, 1956?
ANS: The University/College has to apply to UGC in a prescribed format available at ugc ac in pdfnews 8699284_2f_colleges pdf. In case the University fulfills the eligibility criteria as stipulated in the UGV 12 B rules, an Expert Committee of UGC visits the University for on the spot assessment of infrastructure, faculty and other facilities available. The recommendations of the Committee are placed before the Commission and final decision on the inclusion is taken by the Commission. In case of College, the inclusion is decided on the basis of the fulfillment of the criteria for inclusion of Colleges under UGC 12 B Rules.
Q: What are 12 B Rules?
ANS:Rules notified by the Government of India for inclusion under Section 12 B of the UGC Act, 1956 to become eligible to receive central assistance including UGC assistance. These rules can be accessed.
Q: How can I establish a College in India?
ANS: A college can be established by any Society/Trust/Company as per the norms specified by the State Government where the College is to be established.
Q: How can I establish a Private University in India?
ANS: A State Private University can be established by any Society/Trust/Company as per the norms specified by the State Government where such University is to be established.
Q: Whether my University is recognized by UGC or not?
ANS: The Universities established by an Act of Central or State Government are valid Universities.
Q: Whether my Deemed to be University is recognized by UGC or not?
ANS: All the Institutions Deemed to be Universities which are declared by the Notification of the Central Government are valid Deemed to be Universities.
Q: Whether my degree is recognized by UGC or not?
ANS:Degree awarded by a valid University and specified by UGC under Section 22 of the UGC Act, 1956 is recognized, subject to the approval of the programme by the concerned Statutory Professional Council(s), wherever applicable.
In case of Institutions Deemed to be Universities, only those degrees are valid which are:-
(a) Specified by the UGC under Section 22 of the UGC Act, 1956;
(b) Approval to offer the programme is granted by the UGC;
(c) Approval is granted by the concerned statutory professional council(s), wherever required
Q: I have obtained a degree through distance mode. Whether my degree is valid?
ANS: Degrees obtained through distance mode are valid only if approval is given by the UGC to the University/Deemed to be University to offer the programme. Details of the Universities/ Deemed to be Universities empowered to offer courses under distance mode are available at UGC website.
Q: I have obtained a degree from a Fake University list on UGC website but when I studied in this University, it was not in the UGC list of Fake Universities. Whether my degree is valid?
ANS: Degree awarded by a Fake University is not valid whether or not the name of the University is on the UGC website.